U.S. Slams Military Option in Resolving Nigeria’s Conflicts

U.S. Slams Military Option in Resolving Nigeria’s Conflicts

By Marcel Mbamalu
29 September 2017  

The United States (U.S.) yesterday urged Nigeria to look beyond a military option in resolving internal conflicts.

The appeal was made under the auspices of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) in Washington DC when the agency convened a gathering of U.S. officials, diplomats and Nigerian leaders .

The conference as monitored by The Guardian, focused on “Peace in Nigeria: How to build it, and America’s role” and explored possible options beyond military operations. The symposium agreed on the need for the Nigerian government to strengthen the responsiveness of state institutions, address grievances and perceptions “before they become reality and improve accountability and transparency.”

Thomas Hushek, Acting Assistant Secretary, Bureau of Conflict and Stabilisation Operations, U.S. Department of State, in his concluding remarks said “durable peace” in Nigeria “will require a painstaking dialogue.”

Apart from the 15-year Boko Haram issue in the Northeast, Nigeria’s military is grappling with widespread conflicts within the country’s borders, the most current being the second phase of its “Operation Python Dance” in the Southeast that has put soldiers in direct confrontation with the self-determinist Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB). Military authorities have also proscribed IPOB and declared it a terrorist organisation following which they announced imminent operations in South-West and South-South regions — a decision that has drawn the ire of civil society groups and human rights activists.

Re-echoing General Martin-Luther Agwai’s introductory remarks on centrality of the country to potential peace in Africa, Hushek describes Nigeria as a vey critical U.S. partner on the continent, but added that the President Muhammadu Buhari government must in its pursuit of peace first identify the options that citizens want implemented.

The country is warming up to charged elections in two years and the U.S. assistant secretary believes the “2019 election will be critical to Nigeria’s continued prosperity and stability.

“Achieving stability or building political peace is a political endeavour,” he said, just as he explained that responsiveness to people’s needs would “build trust and encourage durable peace.”

General Agwai, former Nigerian Chief of Army Staff and former commander of the combined United Nations-African Union peacekeeping force in Darfur, Sudan is one of the members of the Nigeria Senior Working Group that participated in the conference on peace in Nigeria. In his opening remarks, Agwai described himself as a simple old soldier humbled by the presence of the State Department and the U.S. and “privileged to stand and talk to learned people across the world about what we are doing.”

His submissions on peace in Nigeria equating peace in Africa kicked off the first panel discussion involving Pauline Baker, President Emeritus of the Fund for Peace and Senior Advisor, Creative Associates International as moderator; Yau, Yunusa Zakari, Director, Centre for Information Technology and Development, Kano, Dr. Jibrin Ibrahim, Senior Fellow, Centre for Democracy and Development -West Africa; and Ambassador Fatima Balla, former Nigerian diplomat, civil servant, and politician.

While declaring the discussion open, Baker made specific reference to agitations in the South-East and urged discussants to be informal. “We tend to look at the outside without looking at the inside,” she remarked, adding that it would be important to think of the fact that Biafra agitation still thrives many years after.

The conference agreed that “Nigeria under President Buhari has made military gains against the extremist fighters of Boko Haram” but observed that Nigeria’s varied conflicts have kept more than two million people displaced and weakened stability in the Lake Chad Basin and the Sahel region. “Peace and security will not be achievable purely through armed force,” the USIP said.

It further noted that peaceful Nigeria is vital to long-term U.S. interests as well as to a reduction in the world’s refugee crisis, and to the stability of Niger, Chad, Cameroon and other nations of the Sahel.

“Fortunately, President Buhari’s election in 2015 marked an advance for democracy as the country’s first peaceful transition of power to an opposition candidate. U.S. policy has supported his government’s campaign to push back Boko Haram.

The conference also built on what the organisers said was months of USIP-coordinated dialogues among the governors of northern states and civic leaders, including diplomats, retired civil servants, and scholars. “These dialogues join government officials and civil society in shaping more inclusive policies that can help prevent violent conflicts.”

The highlight of the event was a conversation among three of Nigeria’s most noted figures—Cardinal John Onaiyekan; Dr. Usman Bugaje, a senior advisor to the Sultan of Sokoto; and Dr. Oby Ezekwesili, a former vice president for Africa at the World Bank, a former Nigerian cabinet minister, and co-founder of the anti-corruption group Transparency International and the Bring Back Our Girls Movement.








Home     News     Newspapers     Ohanaeze     The Biafran War     Photos     Videos     Igbo Books   
Igbo Cartoons     Igbo Events     Igbo Foods     Igbo Language     Igbo Music

copyright © 2016 Igbo Focus   Email: Igbofocus@msn.com  website: www.igbofocus.co.uk


Home     News     Newspapers     Ohanaeze     The Biafran War     Photos     Videos     Igbo Books   

Igbo Cartoons     Igbo Events     Igbo Foods    Igbo Language     Igbo Music

Igbo Focus

The Atrocities of Nigeria Islamic Army on Christians in the South East of Nigeria
Killing Unarmed 02
The Atrocities Committed on Defenceless Christian Civilians in Abia State, South East, Biafra Land by Nigeria Islamic Army
Assassination Attempted of the IPOB leader Nnamdi Kanu by Nigerian Army who Invaded His Home Town
Nnamdi Kanu 6

Fellow Biafrans, the tragedy that befall us today Sunday 10th September 2017 is quite painful but we must all be more aware that the Nigeria government has one mission to accomplish
Stop all the Noises! Let's be Honest to Ourselves, Biafra Referendum or Anambra Election Which One is the Most Important?
No Election in Anambra State
We have been given a choice between Biafra Election and Anambra Election which one is more important?
Regarding Biafra is Not Possible, Says Orji Uzor Kalu
Orji Uzor Kalu
Reacting to a Vanguard newspaper article which says: “Biafra is not possible, says Orji Uzor Kalu.” According to the former governor of Abia State, Dr. Orji Uzor Kalu has said that the agitation for Biafra country by the Igbos cannot be made possible
Biafra Baby
The Politics on Biafra:
The Land of the Rising Sun
Major Nzeogwu
Why did they tag the 15th January coup 1966 an Igbo coup and yet denied the people of South-South (Niger Delta) of not being part of Eastern region or Biafra.
IPOB commends children’s protest against secret trial of Nnamdi Kanu
Biafran Children March
The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) yesterday commended the organisers of the childrens’ rally and peaceful protest against the secret trial of its leader, Mr. Nnamdi Kanu as pronounced by Justice Binta Nyako of Federal High Court, Abuja.
My Great Great Grandfather
Donald Trump with Biafra Map
My great great grandfather I have never seen yet he is always getting in touch with me.
Amnesty International’s
report on Biafra killings
Amnesty International
Amnesty’s 60-page PDF format
report on IPOB/Biafra killings

Biafra Enters into
Bifra Breakes World Record

Tension in Nigeria's Seat of Power as Irish Govt Returns A 122yr-old Map Of Ancient Biafran Empire
Irish Govt Returns A 122yr-old Map Of Ancient Biafran Empire
The Irish Ambassador to Nigeria, Sean Hoy, Saturday 11, made a presentation of three route maps of Calabar and other Niger Delta terrains in the defunct Biafra to the Director General of theme National Commission for Museums and Monuments
Ancient Biafra Map Small
Comparing Singapore as a Lesson for Biafra
Don't get me wrong, Singapore is a nice country to be compared with Biafra. If one day Biafra becomes like Singapore I will be very glad indeed.
I Will Do My Best to Help Biafra ---Pope Francis
Pope Frances greets Biafran protesters
For the first time in history a major world leader Pope Frances greeted the Biafran protesters.
Biafra is my country
Child of Biafra
Biafrans Match On
Biafrans Demonstrate6
Biafra Charter
Biafran Flag3
Biafrans Protesting
Biafrans Demonstrate2
Indigenous People of Biafra
and Radio Biafra
Biafra Radio3
Biafra is not Igbo and
Igbo is not Biafra
Map of Biafra-s
Many have been misled to believe that the defunct Republic of Biafra was another name for the Igbo ethnic group in Nigeria. This notion is totally untrue. The defunct Republic of Biafra was the name for the entire eastern region of Nigeria as at May 30, 1967, which comprised of 8 provinces namely
Meaning of Igbo in Nigeria’s Geopolitics
Meaning of Igbo in Nigeria’s geopolitics
Depending on where one is standing, in Nigeria, the name Igbo is a compound word that includes many ethnic groups heaped together.